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Ovarian cancer awareness March 2019: Causes, Symptoms/sign, diagnosis, treatment and prevention | Healthy Self-Love


Do you know from 1 March 2019 to 31 March 2019 is Ovarian cancer awareness month? So today article is to raised awareness of Ovarian Cancer for everyone. 

Ovarian cancer awareness month 2019: Causes, Symtoms/sign, diagnosis, treatment and prevention | Healthy Self-Love

Ovarian cancer is cancer that arises from the ovary, it is a pair of organs that produce seeds and female hormones. It usually occurs in women over the age of 40 and peaked between the ages of 55 and 60, but it can also occur in women and in 20 years. Most ovarian cancer is cancer that arises from the surface of epithelial cancer and a small part is derived from germ cell cancer cells. 

The late ovary can be detected as the organ's position is located deep in the pelvis compared to the cervix (cervix ) and also the endometrium (the uterus wall). This makes the process of screening impossible. Ovarian cancer is more likely to occur in women with mothers or siblings with cancer. It also tends to occur in women who reach early puberty and late menopause as well as unexplained women (ovaries depended during pregnancy). 

Causes of Ovarian Cancer 

No one knows what the true cause of ovarian cancer is. Previously, the use of talcum powder applied to the penis is often associated with ovarian cancer. This comes from a study made in South Africa. The powder used actually contains high asbestos content. The existing pills are no longer containing asbestos, so it is safe to use. Factors of viral infections likely to cause ovarian cancer are also studied. 

However, there are still a few factors that have been discussed about the chance of developing these types of cancer. 

  • Family history
  • Genetic / Genetic condition
  • Age
  • Weight
  • Endometriosis
  • Ethnicity
  • Reproduction history
  • Hormone replacement therapy

Ovarian Cancer  Symptoms / Signs 

Ovarian cancer usually does not have any specific symptoms at an early stage. Most women have flatulence, some also suffer from diarrhea or constipation. Often this situation is thought to be due to intestinal problems and not being given due attention. 

Swelling in the abdomen in the early stages is usually thought to be the usual weight gain. Strong pain is rare unless there is an ovarian tumor that is twisted or bleeding occurs in the ovary. There are also patients whose abdomen grows up because of the fluid (ascites) produced by ovarian cancer. This fluid makes the patient's stomach tight and large. Often ovarian cancer is already spread when it is known

How to Detect Ovarian Cancer 

Many studies have been made to identify methods of screening ovarian cancer. Some use blood tests, some people also regularly use ultrasound scans. However, there is no way to become an effective and economical filtering method. 

Only three main groups are given priority and are encouraged to undergo ovarian cancer screening:

  • Those with immediate families with ovarian cancer,

  • Those who carry BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene (high risk for ovarian and breast cancer)

  • Those with the closest family with colon cancer large, cervical cancer and breast cancer.

At least a blood test should be performed on these 3 groups.


Diagnosis is done by examining patients as well as several simple tests. Clinically, the patient's examination will give rise to a hard tumor in the pelvis or sometimes a tumor of the cyst (water) or a mixture of hard and hard tumors. Radiologically often uses ultrasound. The tumor size of certain characteristics can help the doctor determine whether the tumor is normal or not.

How Ovarian Cancer Spreads 

Ovarian cancer can spread throughout the peritoneum space (space between the pelvis to the lungs). It is spread by peritoneum liquid flow. The perforation also always occurs according to the lymph. About 60 to 70 percent of stage III cancer will have a fist up to the pelvic glands and para-aortic. 

The perforation through the bloodstream is rare. However, it can occur at the late stage, especially after patients undergo various treatments. This may spread to the spine, brain, and lungs. Emotional Support Apart from physical health, psychological health should also be emphasized. Family members and their spouses should be consulted on the treatment methods and moral support they need to provide.


Treatment of ovarian cancer generally requires surgery to remove ovarian cancer and ovarian cancer, the uterus and the fat layer in the abdomen (omenta). Other organs in cancer-like cancers are surgically required. This is followed by chemotherapy treatment. 

Once the diagnosis of ovarian cancer is performed, the patient should be optimized for surgery as soon as possible. Surgery is the first and most important step for diagnosing, diagnosing staging and removing as many manifest visible tumors as possible. At the end of the surgery, it is expected that as many tissues can be removed and no more than 1 cm of the remaining tissue.

Follow-up procedures, as well as advanced treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy, should be administered quickly. If chemotherapy is given late, it is possible that cancer cells can grow back. 

For women who are still young or still wanting to have children, the type of surgery may be different in the above. The womb and ovarian side of the rupture may not need to be removed.

Before undergo for chemotherapy or radiotherapy. You should know all the side effect.

Chemotherapy Treatment 

After completion of the surgery, the patient will be given a chemotherapy injection. The purpose of this drug is to kill the ovarian cancer cells left in the body of the patient. Chemotherapy treatment has been around for over 30 years. Chemotherapy can also be given before surgery.

Radiotherapy Treatment

Radiotherapy treatments are used to treat ovarian cancer of germ cells in the early stages. But it is not widely used in other ovarian cancer due to ineffective and severe side-effects, damaging vital organs such as liver, kidneys and small intestine and colon.

Change your lifestyle

Some people don't agree about chemotherapy or radiotherapy. So they will change their lifestyle. For example, eat only organic food every day. No more sugary drink, GMO. food additive, processed food or canned food. This is the best prevention way and we all should apply to start today.

Every food that we ate is either feeding something good or bad in our body. It's the best investment for our health.

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